Publications – 2024

Andrade, J. V. B. d., Costa, V. B. F. d., Bonatto, B. D., Áquila, G., Pamplona, E. d. O., & Bhandari, R., 2024. Perspective under uncertainty and risk in green hydrogen investments: A stochastic approach using Monte Carlo simulation. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 49, 385-404.

Cheng, S., Lohani, S. P., Rajbhandari, U. S., Shrestha, P., Shrees, S., Bhandari, R., & Jeuland, M., 2024. Sustainability of large-scale commercial biogas plants in Nepal. Journal of Cleaner Production, 434.

Mekonnen, T., Ramayya, V., Bhandari, R., Minaye, E., & Tsegay, S., 2024. Techno-economic Comparative Analysis of Floating/On-Ground Solar PV System for Electrification of Gilgel Gibe I Auxiliary Load in Ethiopia. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 14(2), 218-225.

Rajbhandari, S., Shrestha, S. L., Bhandari, R., Jha, A. K., & Darlami, H. B., 2024. Contribution to the Net-Zero Emissions Target from the Transport Sector through Electric Mobility – A Case of Kathmandu Valley. Sustainability, 16(3).

Segura-Rodríguez, I., & Bhandari, R., 2024. Assessment of Bioenergy Potential from Biomass Waste to Improve Access to Clean Energy for Cooking in Mali. Sustainability, 16(1).

Timilsina, M. S., Chaudhary, Y., Shah, A. K., Lohani, S. P., Bhandari, R., & Uprety, B., 2024. Syngas composition analysis for waste to methanol production: Techno-economic assessment using machine learning and Aspen plus. Renewable Energy, 228, 120574.


Alemu, Y., Bhandari, R., & Ancha, V. R., 2023. Environmental footprint evaluation of Jatropha biodiesel production and utilization in Ethiopia: a comprehensive well-to-wheel life cycle analysis. Biofuels, 1-10.

Mariko, S., Sanogo, S., Adamou, R., Bhandari, R., Sessa, V., & Ba, A., 2023. Sustainability assessment of energy supply scenarios: case study of Mali. Environmental Research Communications, 5(10), 105017.

Sessa, V. and Bhandari, R., 2023. Composting Heat Recovery for Residential Consumption: An Assessment of Viability. Sustainability, 15(5).

Povacz, L. and Bhandari, R., 2023. Analysis of the Levelized Cost of Renewable Hydrogen in Austria. Sustainability, 15(5).

Joshi, G. R. and Bhandari, R., 2023. Determinants of Intensity of Adoption of Climate Change Adaptation Practices in the Agriculture Sector in Nepal. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(1), 30-41.

Bhandari, R. and Subedi, S., 2023. Evaluation of surplus hydroelectricity potential in Nepal until 2040 and its use for hydrogen production via electrolysis. Renewable Energy, 212, 403-414.


Zuloeta Bonilla, R., Bhandari, R. Small-Scale Hybrid Methanol–Methane Production Based on Biogas: Stochastic Sensitivity Analysis of the Economic Sustainability. Energies 2022, 15, 9329.

Joshi, G. R. and Bhandari, R., 2022. Climate Adaptation in Rain-fed Agriculture: Analyzing the Determinants of Supplemental Irrigation Practices in Nepal. Research on World Agricultural Economy, 3(4), 48-58.

Amega, K., Laré, Y., Bhandari, R., Moumouni, Y., Egbendewe, A.Y.G.,  Sawadogo, W., Madougou, S. Solar Energy Powered Decentralized Smart-Grid for Sustainable Energy Supply in Low-Income Countries: Analysis Considering Climate Change Influences in Togo. Energies 2022, 15, 9532.

Amega, K., Laré, Y., Moumouni, Y., Bhandari, R., and Madougou, S., 2022. Development of typical meteorological year for massive renewable energy deployment in Togo. International Journal of Sustainable Energy, 1-20.

Bhandari, R., 2022. Green hydrogen production potential in West Africa – Case of Niger. Renewable Energy, 196, 800-811.

Mekonnen, T., Bhandari, R. and Ancha, V. R., 2022. Loss minimization and voltage profile enhancement of distribution system with the integration of renewable distributed generation and capacitor. J. Electrical Systems 18-2 (2022): 272-287.

Mekonnen, T., Bhandari, R., Ancha, V. R. and Khan, B., 2022. Analysis and ranking of barriers in development of solar power using interpretive structural modeling method: Ethiopian outlook. Distributed Generation and Alternative Energy Journal, 37(3), 631–662.

Terfa, H., Baghli, L., and Bhandari, R., 2022. Impact of renewable energy micro-power plants on power grids over Africa. Energy, 238, 121702.


Neupane Bhandari, S., Schlüter, S., Kuckshinrichs, W., Schlör, H., Adamou, R., and Bhandari, R., 2021. Economic feasibility of agrivoltaic systems in food-energy nexus context: Modelling and a case study in Niger. Agronomy, 11(10).

Stobernack, N., Mayer, F., Malek, C., Bhandari, R., and Himanshu, H., 2021.  Hydrothermal carbonization of biowaste as an alternative treatment path to current waste management practices in Germany.  Energy Conversion and Management, 244, 114433.

Bhandari, R. and Shah, R. R., 2021. Hydrogen as energy carrier: Techno-economic assessment of decentralized hydrogen production in Germany. Renewable Energy, 177, 915-931.

Mekonnen, T., Bhandari, R., and Ramayya, V., 2021. Modeling, analysis and optimization of grid-integrated and islanded solar PV systems for the Ethiopian residential sector: Considering an emerging utility tariff plan for 2021 and beyond. Energies, 14(11). 

Sessa, V., Bhandari, R., and Ba, A., 2021. Rural electrification pathways: An implementation of LEAP and GIS tools in Mali. Energies, 14(11).

Mayer, F., Bhandari, R., and Gäth, S. A., 2021. Life cycle assessment on the treatment of organic waste streams by anaerobic digestion, hydrothermal carbonization and incineration. Waste Management, 130, 93-106.

Mayer, F., Bhandari, R., and Gäth, S. A., 2021. Life cycle assessment of prospective sewage sludge treatment paths in Germany. Journal of Environmental Management, 290: 112557.

Zuloeta Bonilla, R., Bhandari, R. and Pérez Rodarte, A., 2021. Multi-attribute assessment of a river electromobility concept in the Amazon region. Energy for Sustainable Development, 61, 139-152.

Bhandari, R., Arce, B. E., Sessa, V. and Adamou, R., 2021. Sustainability assessment of electricity generation in Niger using a weighted multi-criteria decision approach. Sustainability 13(1): 385.

Tilahun, F. B., Bhandari, R. and Mamo, M., 2021. Design optimization of a hybrid solar-biomass plant to sustainably supply energy to industry: Methodology and case study. Energy 220: 119736.


Bhandari, R. and Sessa, V., 2020. Energy in agriculture in Brazil. Revista Ciência Agronômica, v. 51, n. 5 – Agriculture 4.0, e20207784 (

Bhandari, R., Sessa, V. and Adamou, R., 2020. Rural electrification in Africa – A willingness to pay assessment in Niger. Renewable Energy, 161, 20-29.

Bhandari, R., Kumar, B. and Mayer, F., 2020. Life cycle greenhouse gas emission from wind farms in reference to turbine sizes and capacity factors. Journal of Cleaner Production, 277, 123385.

Bhandari, R. and Kumar, B., 2020. Future of renewable energy use in Pakistan in the context of agrifood-energy nexus. Journal of the Institute of Engineering, 15(3), 49-56.

Azerefegn, T.M., Bhandari, R. and Ramayya, A.V., 2020. Techno-economic analysis of grid-integrated PV/wind systems for electricity reliability enhancement in Ethiopian industrial park. Sustainable Cities and Society. 53: p. 101915

Mayer, F., Bhandari, R., Gäth, S. A., Himanshu, H. and Stobernack, N., 2020. Economic and environmental life cycle assessment of organic waste treatment by means of incineration and biogasification. Is source segregation of biowaste justified in Germany? Science of the Total Environment, 721, 137731.

Jumare, I. A., Bhandari, R. and Zerga, A., 2020. Assessment of a decentralized grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) / wind / biogas hybrid power system in northern Nigeria. Energy, Sustainability and Society, 10(1), 30. 

Fati, A. O., Bhandari, R., Lewamy, M., S.M, K. Y. T., Souleymane, O., Adamou, R., Joseph, B. D., 2020. Determination and evaluation of the cooling load of a building made by different local material of construction. IRA-International Journal of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2455-4499); Vol 15, No 1.

Stobernack, N., Mayer, F., Malek, C. and Bhandari, R., 2020. Evaluation of the energetic and environmental potential of the hydrothermal carbonization of biowaste: Modeling of the entire process chain. Bioresource Technology, 318, 124038.  

Tilahun, F. B., Mamo, M., and Bhandari, R., 2020. Optimal solar field and thermal storage sizing in hybrid solar biomass cogeneration plant. IEEE PES/IAS Power Africa.

Odou, O.D.T., Bhandari, R. and Adamou, R., 2020. Hybrid off-grid renewable power system for sustainable rural electrification in Benin. Renewable Energy. 145: p. 1266-1279. 


Azerefegn, T. M., Bhandari, R. and Ramayya, V., 2019. Optimal design and techno-economic analysis of grid-connected PV power system for industry park under grid outages. Energy Proceedings, International Conference on Applied Energy, Aug 12-15, 2019, Västerås, Sweden, Paper ID: 51.

Bekkouche, I., Bhandari, R., Benmansour, A. and Kumar, B., 2019. Climate action in energy transition into road transport to ensure future mobility in Algeria. Energy Proceedings, International Conference on Applied Energy, Aug 12-15, 2019, Västerås, Sweden, Paper ID: 647.

Bhandari, R., Sessa, V. and Adamou R., 2019. Needs for renewable energy in Niger’s electricity supply by 2030. Energy Proceedings, International Conference on Applied Energy, Aug 12-15, 2019, Västerås, Sweden, Paper ID: 566.

Jumare, I.A., Bhandari, R. and Zerga, A., 2019. Energy supply with photovoltaics/wind hybrid system: A reliability assessment in northern Nigeria. Energy Proceedings, International Conference on Applied Energy, Aug 12-15, 2019, Västerås, Sweden, Paper ID: 482.

Jumare, I. A., Bhandari, R. and Zerga, A., 2019. Environmental life cycle assessment of grid-integrated hybrid renewable energy systems in northern Nigeria. Sustainability, Volume 11, Issue 21, Article number 5889 

Odou, O.D.T., Bhandari, R. and Adamou, R., 2019. Techno-economic data for decentralised energy system sizing for rural areas in Benin. A case study of the village of Fouay. Data in Brief, 26, 104501

Tilahun, F.B., Bhandari, R. and Mamo, M., 2019. Design optimization and control approach for a solar-augmented industrial heating. Energy. 179: p. 186-198

Tilahun, F.B., Bhandari, R. and Mamo, M., 2019. Supply optimization based on society’s cost of electricity and a calibrated demand model for future renewable energy transition in Niger. Energy, Sustainability and Society, 9(1), 31 

Mayer, F., Bhandari, R. and Gäth, S., 2019. Critical review on life cycle assessment of conventional and innovative waste-to-energy technologies. Science of The Total Environment. 672: p. 708-721 


Bhandari, R., Saptalena, L.G. and Kusch, W., 2018. Sustainability assessment of a micro hydropower plant in Nepal. Energy, Sustainability and Society, 8(1): p. 3 

Bhandari, R. and Pandit, S., 2018. Electricity as a cooking means in Nepal – A modelling tool approach. Sustainability, 10(8) 

Bhandari, R., Gerstner, J., Belhassan, H., Götz, D. and Hausmann, H., 2018. Autonomous electricity supply with hybrid renewable configuration in Ghana. In 7th International Energy and Sustainability Conference (IESC)

Bhandari, R., 2018. Riding through the experience curve for solar photovoltaics systems in Germany. In 7th International Energy and Sustainability Conference (IESC)

Bekkouche, I., Benmansour, A. and Bhandari, R., 2018. Using phase change materials (PCMs) to reduce energy consumption in buildings. Cham: Springer International Publishing 

2017 & EARLIER

Tilahun, F.B., Bhandari, R. and Mamo, M., 2017. Economically realizable solar process heat solutions in Ethiopian textile industry with demand derived from Artificial Neural Network data. WSEAS Transactions on Power Systems. 12: p. 210-219 

Tilahun, F.B., Bhandari, R. and Mamo, M., 2017. Industrial process steam-consumption prediction through an Artificial Neural Networks (ANNS) approach. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2: p. 72-81 

Alsarayreh, A., M. Majdalawi, and Bhandari, R., 2017. Techno-economic study of PV powered brackish water reverse osmosis desalination plant in the Jordan Valley. Int. J. of Thermal & Environmental Engineering, 14(1): p. 83-88 

Kusch, W., Stadler, I. and Bhandari, R., 2015. Heat pumps in low voltage distribution grids by energy storage. in International Energy and Sustainability Conference (IESC)

Bhandari, R., Richter, A., Möller, A. and Owsianowski, R.-p., 2015.  Electrification using micro-hydro Systems in Northern Afghanistan.  J. Sustain. Dev. Energy Water Environ. Syst.,  3 (1): 49-65 

Bhandari, R., Trudewind, C. and Zapp, P., 2014. Life cycle assessment of hydrogen production via electrolysis – A review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 85 (2014): 151-163 

Waldmann, P. and Bhandari, R., 2014. Vergleichende Analyse der technisch-wirtschaftlichen Bedingungen von PV-Anlagen mit Süd- und Ost-West-Ausrichtung. Zeitschrift für Energiewirtschaft, 38: 27–36 

Bhandari, R. and Stadler, I., 2011. Electrification using solar photovoltaic systems in Nepal. Applied Energy, 88 (2): 458-465 

Bhandari, R. and Stadler, I., 2009. Autonomous electricity supply for German households from solar photovoltaic systems. International Energy Journal, 10 (3): 167-176

Bhandari, R. and Stadler, I., 2009. Grid parity analysis of solar photovoltaic systems in Germany using experience curves. Solar Energy, 83 (9): 1634-1644 

Bhandari, R. and Gaese, H., 2008. Evaluation of box type paddy dryers in South Sumatra, Indonesia. Agricultural Engineering International: the CIGR ejournal X: manuscript FP 08 011

Gewali, M. B., Joshi, C. B. and Bhandari, R., 2005. Performance evaluation of hybrid solar/biomass cabinet dryer. European Journal of Scientific Research, 4 (1): 25-33

Gewali, M. B. and Bhandari, R., 2005. Renewable energy technologies in Nepal. World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, 2 (1): 92-106 

Joshi, C. B., Gewali, M. B. and Bhandari, R., 2004 Performance of solar drying systems: a case study of Nepal. Journal of the Institutions of Engineers (India), 85: 53-57 (ISSN 0970-9843)

Joshi, C. B., Bhandari, R. and Amatya, R. K., 2003. Solar rack dryer for cocoon drying. Journal of the Institute of Engineering (Nepal), 3 (1): 43-49 (ISSN 1810-3383)